The overall objective of XSPAN is to support cross-species access to tissue-based genetic information through the development of an internet-based cross-species anatomy network, i.e. a cross-species anatomy ontology integration system.

This system will provide interoperability between databases of key model embryos which will, in turn, facilitate access to gene expression and other tissue-based data across species, and to other genomics and proteomics resources.

XSPAN is a joint project between the School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences at Heriot-Watt University, and the Schools of Biomedical Sciences and Informatics at the University of Edinburgh.

XSPAN is funded by the UK’s Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)

Researchers at Heriot-Watt University and the University of Edinburgh have been collaborating on projects relating to an on-line anatomy and genomic databases for a number of years. This record of collaboration was an important factor in obtaining funding for this joint project from the BBSRC.

The XSPAN project aims to support cross-species access to tissue-based genomic information through the development of an internet based cross-species anatomy network.

An ontolgy browser, COBrA has been developed and used to author mappings which are then uploaded to the XSPAN server.

The network provides interoperability between anatomy databases of the key model embryos, which will, in turn, facilitate access to gene expression and other tissue-based data across species, and to other genomics and proteomics resources.

Terminology and Language Issues

Terminology Problems

In different models of the same species, parts with similar names may only denote roughly the same tissues.
In GALEN:     Lobe of left lung

Maps in FMA to:     Upper Lobe of left lung
Lower lobe of left lung

More of a problem is that in anatomical models of different species, parts with the same (or similar) names do not always denote homologous tissues:
In Mouse “tail”
(posterior extension of the spine)

In C.Elegans “tail”
(male sex organ)

The model species we are comparing have many anatomical parts. For
example, Mouse has 3559 anatomical parts, Drosophila has 506
anatomical parts, and C. Elegans, 242 anatomical parts.

Does the language used in terminologies and anatomical ontologies suggest what parts may be similar? Yes. But not directly – context is crucial. The entire series of names from root to leaf node is needed to ground terms that are themselves underspecified. Grounding refers to connecting natural language expressions such as mouse tail, with a model of the world. In this case, the model is a mouse ontology.

Context is the key to clarifying terms such as “tail”. If you look at the paths for tail in Mouse and C.Elegans, its clear that they are different:
Path name in Mouse:
nervous system
peripheral nervous system
segmental spinal nerve

Path name in C.Elegans:
sex-associated system
male-associated system
male tail
fan hypodermis

Language processing techniques are used to help compare anatomical part names across species. They include:

a.     Normalizing terms to limit the effect of different descriptive styles.
b.     Comparing content words by removing stop words.
c.     Ensuring comparable forms of words by stemming and lemmatizing.
d.     Results are then treated as an unordered set.

The results of the language processing experiments show that the lexical suggestions were indicative of structural support in 75% of the comparisons.

There is no rejecting that the occurrence of criminal tasks will certainly always be a danger regardless of what we do, but that does not imply that we can’t do anything to decrease that risk. Luckily, we have modern technology on our side and also it can undoubtedly make a big distinction in our house’s safety. With an electronic security system in place, you’ll have the ability to have satisfaction.

Safety cams are usually positioned just outside the front gateway or someplace near the doorstep so that the homeowner can conveniently tell that is knocking on the door prior to opening it. If you’re sleeping in the middle of the night and you hear some unusual sounds in your backyard, you can just look at the display what or that is causing the disruption.

In an unfortunate event that your home comes to be robbed by intruders, the video tape-recorded by your surveillance system can work as superb proof not only to track who the wrongdoers are however also to position them behind bars. The storage space tool for your monitoring equipment is normally located in a safe location and therefore intruders will not be able to ruin the proof even if they trash the cams.

In mounting a security system for your residence, you need to have the ability to do it by yourself or you may also work with an expert to make sure it is done properly. Protection electronic cameras can be found in either wired or wireless types and also your option will certainly rely on your demands. Most house owners like to use wireless video cameras due to the fact that they get rid of the headache of needing to collaborate with cables.

Most homeowners flinch regarding the idea of installing a surveillance system by in their home mostly due to the prices involved, however that is not really the situation nowadays. Improvements in the industry have actually triggered security devices to be more affordable than ever. Involve think about it, the cost actually does not matter considering that you are spending for your family member’s safety and security.

Numerous surveillance electronic cameras nowadays have the capacity to relay video in genuine time using the net. These gadgets are described as IP electronic cameras and they are really useful whenever you are far from house. You’ll have the ability to examine your children while they’re being dealt with by the sitter or simply to keep an eye on every little thing when nobody is home.

The important things about having a monitoring system also if you just have a really fundamental setup is that it serves as an exceptional deterrent versus possible offenders. It is most likely that a person with worthless purposes will certainly have doubts regarding his plans when a safety camera is spotted. Safety cams today are usually able to send out an alarm system to the homeowner or the authorities department in instance of property breach.

House monitoring equipment are currently progressed enough that they can also supply warnings when a feasible weather condition disruption such as hail storm, tornadoes, as well as storms. It might likewise be utilized to from another location control appliances such as air conditioners as well as heating units. When coupled with a smoke alarm system, it can also aid to signal the nearby fire station ought to a fire break out.

In an assembly line, some stockrooms, as well as various other scenarios; there are some processes that end up being mundane routines. It may be that you have staff members that stand in one spot passing boxes from one location to another or that they climb on a forklift to merely move from one side of the store to the various other. Whatever is being done, those regular routes can be handled with an automated directed lorry Singapore.

A great deal of individuals fret that a AGV forklift is not always the best thing for an active work environment. You do not need to stress over it. It is risk-free while staying efficient. This car makes use of lasers on the front as well as back to ensure that it "sees" obstacles, a 3D video camera so that it can recognize where it is, emergency situation stop buttons on both sides, and advising systems aboard that alert others that it neighbors both visually and also acoustically. It is developed to decrease if it detects something in the way or stop if the things in its course does stagnate out of the way.

Your firm depends on efficiency in every area. Or else, you are not making the forward progression that you will intend to make with your organisation. You can make your workplace extra reliable in every way by having an automated directed automobile Singapore. It makes use of only maps, lasers, and routine to do the job, as well as you do not need to pay a staff member to merely commute on a forklift all the time.

You may not think about how much time a person invests just driving a forklift from this stack to that one. You may not see that the forklift driver supports, counts on the right, looks to the left, and also progresses to drop off their lots. For your worker, it might be something that they do for numerous hours every day. One that they feel could be performed with their eyes closed. They may feel that they might be better doing another thing. This is where an automated maker can help. Your staff member will have the ability to do various other things in other components of your shop while the ordinary job is still being done.

If you do not need the robot to function its regular cycle, you can operate the system straight. Automated activities will certainly discontinue so that you can utilize it for various other tasks or vacate the method of risk. As an example, if you have a vehicle that will be moving around where the robotic typically runs, you may wish to quit it to make certain security. You might also choose to quit it from one task and put it on something more crucial then. No matter what the day brings; you are still in full control of this AGV forklift.

A AGV forklift takes care of the regular tasks while your employees care for the remainder. By doing this, as well as probably having several robotics, you can enhance your workday productivity. Your workers will more than happy because they no longer have to do the same boring points each day, which can increase your company spirits. These machines are always all set when your day begins, and also they will not quit till you need them to. Can you consider a reason it may not be a great choice for your company?

A driverless robotic forklift can tackle the consistent to and also from motions that are a waste of a staff member’s time. It does not matter whether the trail long or short. This computerized forklift will certainly utilize an easy map to establish its current area and also travel without having a person on board. This will maximize that employee to do various other things that may be more important and can help you make more products every day.

This maker is easy to mount. It is a fully automated means to do the job without ever before triggering damage. It can recognize wall surfaces, equipment, devices, as well as much more. It is controlled by supervisor software application to make sure that it can work efficiently while every person deals with their very own jobs. Why not place an automated assisted vehicle Singapore in charge of your assembly line routines?

Given that you will certainly be relocating your items to different parts of the world, you should handle shipping companies in Singapore that have a good understanding of customizeds plans of different countries. The delivery company have to be aware of each nation’s delivery legislations as well as policies and also guidance you appropriately to make sure that you will certainly have problem-free deliveries.

When looking for delivery companies in Singapore, you have to consider their online reputation in taking care of any forms of shipment. Most of us have a tendency to choose a logistics business that supplies the least expensive services, yet it is possible that you are delegating your item to a shipping business that does not work out the maximum amount of treatment or be irresponsible in their shipping practices.

Another essential aspect you need to consider when picking among the numerous shipping firms in Singapore is their ability to supply products within their promised time. This is an essential facet especially for entrepreneur where timeliness of delivery is of utmost significance. After all, what good is a delivery business to you if they can not even stay real to their assurances?

If you are preparing to have actually some items delivered to different components of the globe, then you should enlist the help of a reputable shipping business. But with many choices of shipping companies in Singapore, exactly how do you pick the appropriate one for the task? Exactly how can you make certain that your items will get to its location securely and timely?

Different shipping companies in Singapore will have different ways and means of attracting clients into obtaining them make use of their solutions. One of the most important things you need to try to find is their guarantee terms. An excellent delivery company will be able to ensure the safety of your item, as well as this typically means your thing will certainly be changed in an also that it obtains shed due the company’s mistake.

Finally, it is also a great suggestion to do some research study on delivery companies in Singapore to make sure that you can evaluate their track record and the high quality of their solutions. Do not hesitate to ask people that have actually already use their services to determine how pleased they were. Make certain you visit their internet sites too to make sure that you can examine what type of delivery solutions they supply and which one can satisfy your requirements.

One thing individuals love concerning buying from an on the internet shop is that every little thing they desire is delivered to their home without additional charges as well as things added to the cost. Furniture is no various. You can acquire a room collection, a dining-room set, lights, or anything else and also it will certainly be provided. Even if you acquire something that is extremely breakable, it will certainly show up securely and you will never have to think of just how to get it to your home safe. That is the perk to purchasing via an online furniture Singapore

What sort of furnishings do you really feel that your house needs to make it more complete? What piece of furniture have you always wanted? It is available waiting on you to discover it. By visiting an online furnishings shop Singapore, you can locate every little thing you want. You can locate things that your children will enjoy and also you discover things that can make your entire household appreciate household time a bit extra, because of the added comfort and style.

There are individuals all over Singapore that develop one-of-a-kind pieces of furnishings to give themselves something to do as well as allow them to make a little loan on the side. Best of all, you can discover them on-line, without knowing the individual directly.

When seeking furniture that fits your house the way you want for it to, you might have to spend time undergoing an online furniture Singapore. It will be worth it when it is supplied to your house looking much better than you ever before imagined it would certainly. You will certainly discover just how well it harmonizes the remainder of your furnishings and just how comfortable it is to sit on or simple it is to utilize. When you do that, it will be a search that you will rejoice you took your time one. This sensation will certainly be even more worth it as soon as others see your brand-new furniture and also say exactly how excellent it looks.

If you ask around, one of the primary reasons individuals enjoy on-line shopping is the prospective to find sale things that they can not locate locally. You can browse the internet for bargains on any item of furniture. At some point, you will find the item that you desire, on sale, at an online furniture shop Singapore.

Computer systems are very beneficial tools for a lot of things. With them, life becomes simpler and you no more need to make phone calls or run tasks if you are unable to do so. With your personal computer you can look for apparel, medicine, toys, and even furnishings. Have you ever checked out an online furniture Singapore at They offer big options at an economical price, both of which can make redecorating as straightforward as pushing a button.

When you pick to buy furniture online, you are going to have a much bigger choice to pick from. There are a selection of things from throughout that you can browse however. It does not matter whether you are searching for a big thing, such as your following room suite or something little like a table lamp. There are stores that deal exclusively with furnishings so that you can discover precisely what you desire at a price that you feel is inexpensive.

On the internet buying has actually made this simpler for those people as well as their households. Buying from an on-line furniture store Singapore, is likewise helpful.

A child’s world is not very huge, particularly when they are young children. You can create a play area utilizing your kids bed as ideas. All it takes is a little imagination as well as maybe a little help from someone who specializes in developing fun furnishings for youngsters.

How Beds Become Fun

You can encourage enjoyable and play by transforming even their bed right into something exciting. A bunk bed with a ladder to climb up and also a slide to move down on. A colorful item of themed material that transforms their bed into a woodland, a castle, and also various other enjoyable things.

Kids Enjoy a Great Night’s Sleep

Some parents worry that if they transform their kids bed right into a play area, after that the youngster will never ever absolutely desire to go to bed. The opposite is true most of the time with these fun children’ beds. It is a bed that your youngster will enjoy both day and also evening.

With the business globe flourishing and everybody looking to further their success, is it actually any kind of wonder why there are so several organisations relocating about right currently? Employees that are comfortable and also have their very own space to keep their personal products as well as documents, are much more effective. There is new workplace area for rental fee readily available each day.

It is all right to start out small in business globe. There are numerous office for rent Singapore. The technique is to recognize when the moment is ideal to broaden and also relocate beyond the home where you can work with extra assistants and begin to see the benefits of becoming a larger business. Workplace leasings makes it simple, as long as you are willing to give it a shot.

Have you noticed all business moving around? Have you questioned before where that company transferred to or exactly what may become of the room they left? If so, you could conveniently ask someone that deals with workplace for lease which corner office that you have constantly believed would make an excellent place for your company might become yours. Also if it is not offered, the representatives at an excellent property firm could tell you of others that might be also better for you.

Even if you have a local business now, you could take advantage of all the office space for rent Singapore now. As one company gains success and increases, they walk around to offer their staff members extra space to work. Typically the lease on among these workplaces is sensible enough to manage for basically anyone that might have an interest in trying their hand within the business world.

By opting to benefit from an office space for rental fee, you avoid being restrained to one place in Singapore You could venture out as your service increases based on where you feel you might find the most success. This is fantastic information for anybody who opts to study business world because when you are a renter, you have options to go where you feel best regarding being. If you do not acquire the success that you seek in the big business districts, you can attempt to move to a neighborhood and also possibly obtain more customers by being a regional company. Who would not take pleasure in having that sort of flexibility?

Consider your choices and you will quickly see that although you may be paying rent each month on your workplace, you may still be saving money. There are prime workplace offered in the AXA Tower or the Suntec Tower as well as many others. A few of the leasings offered are provided, so you have to ask yourself what does it cost? would you save if you rented out a workplace that was totally provided in the Albert Complex or even the Tower Fifteen? By renting out, you can also alter your area as you need to.

With a real estate professionals aid, you can select to have an office area for rental fee that still smells like fresh paint and has actually never ever held an additional workplace. If you are not certain where the workplace type that you are looking for might be located, they could tell you of vacant clinics or warehouses that may be of passion to you.

You can conserve yourself a great deal of searching around by contacting a real estate agent who knows what rooms are offered. They recognize the typical price series of office for rental fee and they can tell you which locations of Singapore might be finest matched for you and also your economic situation. Even if you have an excellent place in mind for your service, they could inform you if there is a much better choice close by that could save you massive amounts of money.

For many individuals that have actually utilized a risk-free down payment box in Singapore or various other locations, the small hassle of having to intend in advance to withdraw their items is just something that is significant. For those individuals, it is worth it to simply recognize that no matter what curve balls life may toss their means, they are always secured where it matters one of the most. Would certainly you rather select risk-free currently or be sorry later?

The best place for your treasures is typically outdoors of the home where you could maintain it a key from everybody. There will certainly be a person seeing over it at all times as well as a safe deposit box in Singapore will always be shielded from all types of prospective threats.

If you are anxious, as others are, regarding the price that may originate from protecting your important things within a safe deposit box at, you should stop worrying a lot. The first payment will be a little costly because you do have to pay a down payment, however then, the rates are extremely affordable. You pay for the box dimension that you require, absolutely nothing more. You pay for it on an annual basis and otherwise you do not have to think about it. If it is the first time that you have had a safe-deposit box through SECOM, you will also get approved for a discounted price for the very first year you have it.

For as great as a safe deposit box in Singapore is, not numerous people ever think about making use of them. They do not appear to consider them as a choice due to either not recognizing where to find one or since they feel their home risk-free or documents cupboard is sufficient.

Which would certainly you choose? Would certainly you gamble and shop your products in a box that may not have the ability to withstand fire or water damage or understand that they are secure? Do you want to take a chance that someone will find the code to your house secure as well as take just what you own? Lots of people do not desire bad points to take place to their most valued ownerships. Occasionally that suggests taking more actions to protect them as well as a risk-free deposit box in Singapore could help you take the most effective action ever before.

No matter of what prizes you have, safeguarding them is most likely very essential to you, as it is to all others. Rather of attempting to discover a risk-free location within your house, why not understand they are protected inside of a risk-free deposit box in Singapore?

The same firm that offers security systems in Singapore likewise provides safe down payment boxes. These boxes are available with SECOM are made to protect things from every kind of prospective threat. It does not matter whether you are keeping your mementos, treasures, or records. It could be an item of simply nostalgic value or something that deserves a little fortune. The choice is yours and just yours. All that matters is that you intend to maintain it secured from all points.

The hardest component for most safety and security box proprietors is trying to keep in mind that their products are in a building that is not always open. You will certainly likewise require to assume ahead for holidays if you have something inside of your box that you need.

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